Micromet, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company developing novel, proprietary antibodies for the treatment of cancer, inflammation and autoimmune diseases, announced data from its completed phase 2 clinical trial with blinatumomab in patients with B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The data were presented in an oral presentation at the 51st Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology (ASH) and were selected by the Society for inclusion in its “Best of ASH” session. Blinatumomab is a CD19-specific, T cell-engaging BiTE antibody designed to direct a patient’s own T cells against cancer cells inducing a self-destruction process in cancer cells.
A total of 21 patients were treated in a phase 2 clinical trial performed in collaboration with the German Multicenter Study Group on Adult Lymphoblastic Leukemia (GMALL). After having received extensive chemotherapy, all patients had ALL malignant cells persisting in their bone marrow, a disease state referred to as minimal residual disease (MRD). The primary endpoint of the clinical trial was the elimination of these cancer cells to an undetectable level in at least 22% of patients. 80% of the evaluable patients (16 of 20 patients) achieved the primary endpoint, all of them already during the first treatment cycle. The responses appear to be durable, with patients free of relapse for currently up to 15 months.
Overall, blinatumomab was well tolerated. The most common adverse events included lymphopenia, leucopenia, pyrexia and hypoimmunoglobulinemia. One patient had to discontinue treatment due to a fully reversible neurological adverse event, and was therefore not evaluable for response assessment.
“Today, patients with MRD-positive ALL after first line therapy have a very high likelihood of relapse,” commented Professor D. Hoelzer, chairman of the German Multicenter Study Group for Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (GMALL). “These data suggest that blinatumomab is very active and has the potential to be an effective consolidation therapy. “
“The data from this completed phase 2 study confirm the high response rate reported earlier this year from the ongoing study,” commented Dr. Jan Fagerberg, Micromet’s Chief Medical Officer. “We expect that the positive risk/benefit profile of blinatumomab in ALL will pave the way for a pivotal trial and a fast track to market in this indication.”
Release Date: December 8, 2009
Source: Micromet Inc.