Spin qubit device based on a Ge–Si heterostructure nanowire.Scanning electron micrograph (with false color) of a Ge–Si nanowire
from Harvard University have developed a new platform that can
potentially control single electron spins in a more coherent way that no
other solid state system can.
work was done through collaboration between several multidisciplinary
groups, and involves advanced techniques from quantum physics,
chemistry, materials science and engineering. The authors include Dr.
Yongjie Hu, Dr. Ferdinand Kummenth, Dr. Charles M. Lieber, and Dr.
Charles M. Marcus.
Harvard team first produces a novel one-dimensional material with
germanium and silicon wrapped out coaxially, and forms high mobility
carriers inside. Following the materials synthesis, they fabricate tiny
devices within the order of hundreds of nanometer scale to confine
single electrons, where the intrinsic property of electron—”spin”, is
used to store information. The system is called “quantum bit”, in
analogy to “bit” in conventional computers.
the interaction and lifetime of “quantum bits” were probed by
low-temperature cryogenics and Gigahertz frequency electronics.
According to the report, the new system increases quantum state lifetime
by 1,000-fold over previously used materials, and thus serves as a
promising platform for next-generation quantum information storage. It
may replace the current material systems, such as gallium arsenide.
research is exploring the new platform using most frontier techniques
in nanotechnology, including nanomaterial synthesis, nano-device
fabrication, and quantum spectroscopy. The achievement may have
potential impact for the information technology, electronic device
industry, memory storage system, and novel energy conversion technology.
Hole spin relaxation in Ge–Si core–shell nanowire qubits