Worldwide Server Market Revenues Increase 17.9 percent in Second Quarter as Market Demand Remains Strong
According to the International Data Corporation (IDC) Worldwide Quarterly Server Tracker, factory revenue in the worldwide server market increased 17.9 percent year over year to $13.2 billion in the second quarter of 2011 (2Q11). This is the sixth consecutive quarter of year-over-year revenue growth, as server market demand continued to improve around the world. Server unit shipments increased 8.5 percent year over year in 2Q11 to 2.1 million units, which is the second highest quarterly total ever reported in the second calendar quarter of any year.
Improved market conditions were seen across all three server classes — volume, midrange enterprise, and high-end enterprise. Volume systems experienced a 16.6 percent year-over-year revenue increase, the seventh consecutive quarter of positive growth for the segment. Midrange enterprise demand improved for the fourth time in the past five quarters, with a 16.7 percent year-over-year revenue increase. Finally, the improving market conditions extended to the high-end enterprise segment, as quarterly revenue increased 22.8 percent when compared to 2Q10. This is the second consecutive quarter that all three segments of the server market have experienced a year-over-year revenue increase in the same quarter.
“Server market growth accelerated in 2Q11 and experienced its highest reported second quarter revenue in three years with all geographies contributing to the positive year-over-year growth. This was the fifth consecutive quarter with double-digit year-over-year revenue growth as the market recovery continued to extend from x86 servers to midrange Unix to high-end mainframe class systems,” said Matt Eastwood, group vice president, Enterprise Platforms at IDC. “While 2Q11 was an exceptionally strong quarter, attention has already turned to the market outlook for the second half of the year. IDC believes that weakening macroeconomic conditions around the world will serve to moderate demand for new servers later this year.”
Overall server market standings, by vendor
IBM and HP jointly held the number-one position in the worldwide server market with 30.5 percent and 29.8 percent factory revenue share respectively for 2Q11, a statistical tie. IBM experienced 24.5 percent year-over-year growth in factory revenue gaining 1.6 points of share in the quarter on the performance of System x, Power Systems, and System z. HP’s factory revenue grew 9.3 percent year over year in 2Q11 based on solid demand for x86-based ProLiant servers and blades. Dell maintained third place with 13.8 percent factory revenue market share in 2Q11. Dell’s factory revenue increased 5.1 percent compared to 2Q10, driven in part by strong demand from SMB customers. Oracle and Fujitsu jointly held the number 4 position with 7.2 percent and 6.5 percent factory revenue share, respectively, in 2Q11. Oracle’s 2Q11 factory revenue increased 4.2 percent compared to 2Q10, driven in part by improved demand for x86-based Exadata systems. As a direct result of the large scale K-computer HPC system in Japan, Fujitsu experienced a sizable 133.6 percent year-over-year improvement in server revenue.
Top server market findings
• The market for non-x86 servers, including servers based on RISC, EPIC (Itanium-based), and CISC processors, increased 23.3 percent year over year to $4.8 billion in 2Q11. This is the third consecutive quarter in which non-x86 servers have exhibited positive growth and the second consecutive quarter that non-x86 based system revenue has grown faster than the market overall. Growth in non-x86 server revenue was driven by improved demand for Unix servers and IBM System z platforms.
• Unix servers experienced a second consecutive quarter showing year-on-year factory revenue improvement, growing 1.5 percent when compared to 2Q10. Unix server revenues were $2.9 billion, representing 22.0 percent of quarterly server revenue in the quarter. IBM’s Unix server revenue increased 14.0 percent year over year in the quarter, as IBM gained 6.0 points of Unix server market share.
• IBM’s System z servers experienced the fourth consecutive quarter of positive revenue growth, with 61.1 percent year-over-year growth in 2Q11 to $1.2 billion, representing 9.0 percent of quarterly server revenue worldwide. This was the fourth consecutive quarter that IBM System z revenue exceeded $1 billion, driven by new product introductions and demand for capacity within the IBM installed base.
• Linux server demand increased for the seventh consecutive quarter in 2Q11, with revenue growing 47.5 percent to $2.7 billion when compared with the second quarter of 2010. Linux servers represent 20.5 percent of all server revenue in the quarter as Linux server demand was helped significantly by Fujitsu’s large scale K-computer HPC system in Japan.
• Microsoft Windows server demand also continued to show strong growth as Windows-based hardware revenue increased 12.4 percent year-over-year. Quarterly revenue of $5.9 billion for Windows servers represented 45.5 percent of overall quarterly factory revenue and 71.0 percent of all quarterly server shipments.
“The Unix server marketplace is seeing some rebound in revenue, based on technology refresh for Unix server products from all major vendors,” said Jean S. Bozman, research vice president, Enterprise Servers at IDC. “This segment was hard-hit in 2009 and 2010 during the economic downturn as customers deferred or delayed acquisition of midrange and high-end Unix servers. Now, many mission-critical workloads need more room for workload consolidation, and user demand for long-deployed applications and databases is growing. This move to expand capacity in the installed base is combined with net-new demand from customers who are building out new infrastructure, such as in Asia/Pacific, Middle East and Africa (MEA), and Latin America.”
Bladed server market results
The blade market continued its solid growth in the quarter with factory revenue increasing 26.9 percent year over year and shipment growth increasing by 6.2 percent compared to 2Q10. Overall, bladed servers, including x86, EPIC, and RISC blades, accounted for $2.0 billion in revenues, representing 15.2 percent of quarterly server market revenue. Nearly 89 percent of all blade revenue is driven by x86-based blades, which now represent 21.2 percent of all x86 server revenue. HP maintained the number 1 spot in the server blade market in 2Q11 with 51.9 percent revenue share, while IBM finished with 19.1 percent revenue share. Cisco and Dell rounded out the top 4 with 10.0 percent and 8.2 percent factory revenue share, respectively.
“Blade revenue growth accelerated in the second quarter and remained the fastest growing form factor. All major vendors experienced double-digit growth in their blade business,” said Jed Scaramella, research manager, Enterprise Servers at IDC. “In terms of the x86 market, the blade segment performed particularly well, accounting for 21.2 percent of x86 revenue — the highest proportion since their introduction into the market. Blades continue to be a strategic element in vendor portfolios commanding a higher average sales value and providing an opportunity for pull-through revenue.”
x86 industry standard server market dynamics
Demand for x86 servers continued to improve in 2Q11, with revenues growing 15.1 percent in the quarter to $8.4 billion worldwide, as unit shipments increased 5.4 percent to 1.9 million servers. HP led the market with 38.1 percent revenue share based on 14.4 percent growth over 2Q10. Dell retained second place, securing 21.7 percent revenue share, while IBM now holds 16.1 percent revenue share. Overall, this was the ninth consecutive quarter with year-over-year increases in average selling prices (ASPs) for x86 servers. This is occurring as both the mix of systems and average system configurations continue to move up-market, driving generally higher product margin for x86 ecosystem players. Additionally, this was the seventh consecutive quarter of year-over-year factory revenue growth for x86 servers.
“x86 servers continue to drive the majority of the server market, and x86 revenues are consistently outperforming unit growth on a quarterly basis,” said Reuben Miller, senior analyst in IDC’s Enterprise Servers group. “This market trend will continue as customers look at consolidating more workloads onto servers that are configured with increased memory attach rates and higher priced processors to provide systems capable of improving performance and efficiency.”
IDC’s Server Taxonomy
IDC’s Server Taxonomy maps the 11 price bands within the server market into three price ranges: volume servers, midrange servers and high-end servers. The revenue data presented in this release is stated as factory revenue for a server system. IDC presents data in factory revenue to determine market share position. Factory revenue represents those dollars recognized by multi-user system and server vendors for ISS and upgrade units sold through direct and indirect channels and includes the following embedded server components: Frame or cabinet and all cables, processors, memory, communications boards, operating system software, other bundled software and initial internal and external disk shipments.
IDC’s Worldwide Quarterly Server Tracker is a quantitative tool for analyzing the global server market on a quarterly basis. The Tracker includes quarterly shipments (both ISS and upgrades) and revenues (both customer and factory), segmented by vendor, family, model, region, operating system, price band, CPU type, and architecture.