The Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag Project, led by Kambiz Salari at LLNL, has been awarded an HPC Innovation Excellence Award for its use of modeling and simulation to find practical ways to reduce aerodynamic drag and improve the fuel efficiency of the tractor trailers ubiquitous on America’s highways.
The International Data Corporation (IDC) announced the award June 21, 2011, at the International Supercomputing Conference (ISC11) in Hamburg, Germany.
“This award recognizes the effort of the team that worked on this project, which was founded by LLNL’s Rose McCallen in 1997,” Salari said. In 2005, Salari took over leadership of the LLNL program. The project has applied advanced computing techniques to the reduction of aerodynamic drag in tractor trailers and has demonstrated that high performance computing can be applied to everyday problems with a big potential payoff.
Using a virtual testing approach, Salari, colleague Jason Ortega and collaborators were able to design easily attachable devices able to reduce a tractor trailer’s aerodynamic drag, providing up to 17 percent fuel efficiency. This fuel economy potentially translates into 6.2 billion gallons of diesel fuel per year and a reduction of 63 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions. The projected cost savings per year, based on U.S. average diesel fuel cost of $3.91, is approximately $24.2 billion.
Fuel economy improvement was made possible by a combination of aerodynamic drag reduction, vehicle streamlining, tractor trailer integration and the use of low resistance, wide-base single tires. HPC played a critical role in enabling the modeling and simulation of such detailed vehicle geometry as the hood, engine, wheels, wheel wells, door handles and mirrors as well as the ability to handle the highly turbulent and massively separated flow fields around the vehicle.
Virtual testing also accelerated the testing of drag reduction concepts and reduced the need for the costly prototypes otherwise needed to identify a successful aerodynamic design. The drag reduction concepts were evaluated in full-scale wind tunnel and track tests conducted in collaboration with Navistar and NASA Ames (wind tunnel).
A mechanical engineer by degree, Salari has worked at LLNL since 2001 applying his expertise in computer modeling and simulation, an outgrowth of his longstanding interest in fluid dynamics. Criteria for the IDC award include: showcasing success stories involving HPC in science and industry; helping other users understand the benefits of HPC; demonstrating the value of HPC to funding bodies; and garnering public awareness of and support for investment in HPC. In all, nine projects received awards this year.
Team design work drives greater fuel efficiency, Newsline, Feb. 19, 2010.
Kambiz Salari computes dynamics of his career, Newsline, Feb. 19, 2010.
Reducing Aerodynamic Drag, Science & Technology Review, May 2003
Reducing Aerodynamic Drag on Heavy Trucks, LLNL Industrial Partnerships Office (PDF)
Founded in 1952, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory provides solutions to our nation’s most important national security challenges through innovative science, engineering and technology. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is managed by Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration.