South Australian researchers are embarking on a $20 million medical and manufacturing research project which could reduce the chance of infection after orthopedic surgery, thanks to a little help from the humble dragonfly.
Working with leading surgeons and an Australian orthopedic medical device company, researchers from the University of Adelaide and University of South Australia (UniSA) will use nano-modification technology based on the structure of the dragonfly wing, whose tiny spikes rip bacteria apart.
In a unique R&D and manufacturing environment, researchers are carrying out a range of groundbreaking experiments to test whether mimicking the nano-patterns of the dragonfly wing on orthopedic implants can kill harmful bacteria that cause infections.
The four-year project, co-funded by Global Orthopaedic Technology and the Innovation Manufacturing Cooperative Research Centre (IMCRC), could give scientists and clinicians a critical breakthrough in their global fight against antibiotic resistant bacteria, and is intended to create new technologies and processes to benefit the wider manufacturing sector.
Professor Richard de Steiger, a leading Australian orthopedic surgeon involved in clinical research, says implant infection post-surgery is a billion dollar problem worldwide, affecting around 2-3 per cent of medical implants, including devices to stabilize fractures, hip and knee replacements and spinal implants.
“There hasn’t been any improvement in orthopedic infection rates for the past 15 years, costing not only hundreds of millions of dollars in additional surgery worldwide, but more trauma for patients needing extra recovery time after a second operation, which is often less successful and poses an even greater risk of infection,” he says.
Leading scientists from the University of Adelaide and UniSA will combine their expertise to create titanium implants with the dragonfly wing surface while confirming their safety and testing their bacteria-killing properties in the University of Adelaide’s Centre for Orthopaedic and Trauma Research (COTR) and UniSA’s new Musculoskeletal Biotest Facility.
“This research is a combination of cell biology and very clever nanomanufacturing techniques, driven by an unmet medical need,” says University of Adelaide leading orthopedic researcher Professor Gerald Atkins, Scientific Director of COTR. “It is game-changing Australian technology.”
UniSA Professor Krasimir Vasilev adds: “This is amazing technology that will improve the quality of life of millions of patients around the world. The project is also a great example of transdisciplinary collaboration between scientists, clinicians and industry, transforming healthcare, manufacturing industry and the Australian economy.”
The bacteria-busting qualities of the dragonfly were first identified by Australian researchers who observed bacteria being killed on the insects’ wings, characterized by tiny spikes — nanopillars — which are about one thousandth of the thickness of a human hair.
Global Orthopaedic Technology is taking the technology a step further, partnering with “the best researchers in Australia” to commercialize the technology and tackle the growing epidemic of resistant bacteria and resulting infections.
David Chuter, IMCRC’s CEO and Managing Director, says this research project is reshaping not only the future of the medical device industry, but potentially other sectors.
“Due to the nature of the nano surface, which is independent of the chemistry and material properties of the substrate to which it is applied, the technology can potentially be used in other manufacturing processes across multiple industries, most notably the hospital supplies and equipment industry, the food industry, the marine industry, the building products industry, and the aeronautical industry.
“The new technology will open many doors, not just in the medical field, as antibacterial surfaces are also valuable in the food industry, for example — in fact, for any surfaces subject to high levels of bacteria.”
Global Orthopaedic Technology and IMCRC are each providing a $3 million cash investment as part of a total medical and manufacturing R&D investment of $20 million, with the additional funding provided through in-kind contributions from Global Orthopaedic Technology and both universities.
The researchers involved in the project include:
• University of Adelaide’s Professor Dusan Losic, Director of the ARC Graphene Research Hub and Leader of the Nano Research Group, who will be responsible for the development of technology for the fabrication of the antimicrobial surfaces on titanium implants;
• UniSA NHMRC Fellow Professor Krasimir Vasilev, who will lead the research focused on the surface characterization of the implants;
• NHMRC Senior Research Fellow and Scientific Director of the Centre for Orthopaedic and Trauma Research at the University of Adelaide, Professor Gerald Atkins, who will lead the biocompatibility and antibacterial studies;
• Associate Professor Paul Anderson, Head of UniSA’s Musculoskeletal Biology Research Biology, who will undertake some in vivo and antibacterial safety studies.
Source: University of Adelaide